There are at least five steps in the sanding process:
We use three machines in the process: a full size professional rotary-drum sander, an edger, and a commercial-sized buffing machine. The sander requires a 220 volt power supply and the others run on regular household current.
Sanding Does: Smooth out irregularities between boards, eliminate surface roughness such as minor scratches, and prepare the wood for application of the finish.
Sanding Does Not: Always remove deep scratches and gouges. (Boards can be replaced if necessary). Neither can sanding remove all deep, heavy discoloring, such as pet urine or old water damage stains, and it can’t always even out “cupping” the curled-edge effect of water damage. We will do our best to give you the highest quality floor possible and to discuss any potential problems ahead of time-we know you don’t like surprises.
If you decide to use stain you can choose from several different colors ranging from near-white to dark walnut. We can provide stain charts, and we can spot stain a small area for you to look at. (If you find that you don’t like a color, we’ll remove it and you can choose another.) The stain is applied and allowed to dry thoroughly. Then the first coat of finish is applied. The floor is buffed smooth and vacuumed before the final coat of finish is applied. Pastel or white stains and bleach are more expensive to apply.
The two most common finishes are polyurethane and water-based finish.
POLYURETHANE, our standard high quality finish, penetrates the wood and adds an appearance of depth and richness to your floor. It is a durable finish, available in satin or gloss. Polyurethane will darken slightly in color over the years, developing a rich amber shade.
WATER-BASED: We use only top quality water-based finishes- DuraSeal, Basic Coatings and Bona. These finishes vary in depth, UV protection, and ambering qualities. Ask your estimator for details.
DRYING TIME ranges from eight to twelve hours for polyurethane, and from two to four hours with water-based finish. This means that you can walk lightly across the floor without damaging the surface.
However, CURING TIME is usually seven days for Pacific Strong, and approximately one month for polyurethane. During this time be careful in moving heavy furniture, we recommend that your wait at least a week to put rugs back down.